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This article is about the vulpera lore. For the allied race, see Vulpera (playable). For the language, see Vulpera (language).
Vulpera wallpaper
Classification Small humanoid
Faction/Affiliation Voldunai, Horde, Bilge Rats, Independent
Character classes Hunter, Mage, Monk, Priest, Rogue, Shaman, Warlock, Warrior
Racial capital Horde Vulpera Hideaway
Horde Orgrimmar
  Formerly Abandoned Burrows[1]
Racial leader(s) Horde IconSmall Kiro Kiro
Racial mount IconSmall Hyena Hyena
IconSmall Alpaca Alpaca
IconSmall CarrionBird Buzzard
IconSmall Rat Ratstallion[2]
Homeworld Azeroth
Environment Deserts
Area(s) Vol'dun
Language(s) Vulpera, Zandali, Orcish, Common

“The vulpera are strong. We just need an opportunity to prove it.”


The vulpera (pronounced "vuhl-PEH-ruh") are a race of nomadic fox people that inhabit the deserts of Vol'dun on Zandalar. Intelligent and resourceful, they travel across the dunes in caravans and survive by scavenging and trading. Though long hunted and enslaved by the sethrak of the Faithless empire, the vulpera found the strength to fight back after being aided by Horde adventurers in Vol'dun and have now pledged their loyalty to the Horde.

Some vulpera can also be found across the sea,[4][5] most notably as members of the Bilge Rats pirate crew in Kul Tiras.


The vulpera have lived in Vol'dun as free traders and merchants for countless generations.[6][7] For much of that time, they have been oppressed by the Faithless sethrak, who have enslaved countless vulpera over the years and forced them to work and fight for them.[8][9] The vulpera are mostly a passive people[1] and as such never found the ability to stop the sethrak.[9] At least one caravan tried to fight back, but they met only with defeat.[8]

Battle for Azeroth[]

Battle for Azeroth This section concerns content related to Battle for Azeroth.
Vulpera (playable)

Vulpera in their heritage armor.

Near the start of the Fourth War, the vulpera Nisha formed a plan to take the fight to the sethrak. She warned her caravan leader Kiro that the sethrak would eventually attack and that the vulpera needed to make a preemptive strike against the snakemen, but Kiro insisted that the vulpera keep their heads down and continue to quietly do business. Not long after, a force of Faithless led by Fangcaller Sraka attacked the caravan at what is now the Abandoned Burrows.[1][10][11]

Shortly after, a Horde adventurer and a group of Zandalari trolls led by Bladeguard Kaja flew to Vol'dun to search for Kaja's missing superior Warguard Rakera and acquire her evidence that General Jakra'zet was a traitor to the Zandalari Empire. The group was shot out of the sky by the Faithless' ruler Emperor Korthek,[12] but the vulpera came to their aid: Kaja was found by Meerah and brought to the Vulpera Hideaway[13][14] while Nisha rescued the adventurer from Faithless captivity in the Abandoned Burrows and brought them to the hideaway as well.[15] After healing Kaja,[16] Kiro agreed to provide the outsiders safe passage through the desert in exchange for the adventurer helping the vulpera with some tasks. Kiro subsequently sent Meerah to retrieve some supplies from the Port of Zem'lan in the south in order to begin putting Nisha's plan into action, with Kaja and the adventurer accompanying Meerah to search for Rakera along the way.[17][18]

Kaja and the adventurer eventually found Rakera and—after crossing paths with Kiro and Nisha in Zul'Ahjin—joined forces with Vorrik and his Devoted, a faction of sethrak opposed to the Faithless.[19] Meanwhile, the vulpera traveled north, took over Vorrik's Sanctum, and began taking the fight to the Faithless, with Kiro and Nisha liberating vulpera slaves while Meerah organized caravans to carry them to safety.[9] Shortly after, Vorrik and the Horde adventurer embarked on a mission to kill Emperor Korthek and stumbled across the vulpera at the sanctum. Vorrik was initially surprised but concluded that his loa would approve of helping innocents in need and that the vulpera would be useful allies that could help distract the Faithless.[20][21] The adventurer subsequently joined Nisha in killing Faithless around the Crater of Conquerors and arming vulpera slaves to help them rise up against their oppressors.[3][22] While the freed vulpera marched through the trenches, sowing chaos,[23] Vorrik and the hero rode on the back of Rakjan the Unbroken to rain destruction down on the Faithless before landing in Skycallers' Spire and joining up with Nisha's forces.[24] They soon forced Korthek to emerge from his underground temple, and together, Nisha, Vorrik, and the hero killed the emperor.[25] Afterward, Kiro stated that the adventurer had proven themselves a true ally and would always be welcome in the caravan.[26]

At Camp Lastwind, a vulpera caravan led by Norah planned to become the first to successfully steal treasure from the undead pirates in the Port of Zem'lan. Adventurers were sent into the port to look for a missing vulpera scout but instead ended up helping First Mate Jamboya commit mutiny against the port's tyrannical ruler, Pirate-King Zem'lan.[27] With their arms full of stolen booty, Jamboya and his fellow mutineers then accompanied the adventurer back to Camp Lastwind, where they convinced Norah to let them join the caravan in exchange for helping them ransack the rest of the port's treasure.[28] Similarly, at the Court of Zak'rajan, adventurers helped a scavenging crew consisting of Kenzou, Omi, and Tacha defeat Zak'rajan the Undying and plunder his treasure trove of powerful artifacts.[29] In the southern parts of Vol'dun, the Ashvane Trading Company enslaved a number of vulpera and forced them to mine Azerite in the Redrock Mines. The vulpera Keerin tasked adventurers with liberating him and his fellow captives.[30][31]

The vulpera's knowledge about mountain routes let the Zandalari Vol'dun expedition get back to Dazar'alor before most sethrak invaders.[32]

Tides of Vengeance[]

The Horde later hired vulpera caravans to help transport supplies for their war with the Alliance. During the Alliance's assault on Vol'dun, the 7th Legion began incinerating the caravans in the hope of stopping the shipments and dissuading the fox people from doing any more jobs for the Horde.[33] Incensed by these attacks, Nisha asked Horde adventurers to defend her people and fight back against the Alliance invaders.[7]

After the Alliance killed the Zandalari ruler King Rastakhan during the Battle of Dazar'alor, Kiro attended the king's funeral and stated that the vulpera would do what they could to help the Zandalari.[34]

Joining the Horde[]

New Allies Among Us

Baine welcoming the vulpera into the Horde.

With the Horde having shown them that there is more to life than mere survival, the vulpera eventually decided to join the faction in order to explore the world beyond Vol'dun. Kiro, Meerah, and Nisha traveled to Orgrimmar to speak with Baine Bloodhoof, but he was forced to decline giving them membership as troubles in the Twilight Highlands, Zuldazar, and Suramar had stretched the Horde's resouces thin and he could not agree to add new members to their ranks while their current allies were struggling.[35] The vulpera decided to offer their help in order to prove their worth to the Horde: Kiro traveled to the Highlands to quell a peon revolt near Crushblow, Nisha headed to Zuldazar to fend off an invasion by the Nazeshi naga, and Meerah journeyed to Suramar to get the nightborne's arcwine production back on track.[36] With the help of the adventurer, the vulpera were able to solve the Horde's problems, impressing Baine's allies.[37][38] When the three vulpera returned to Orgrimmar, Baine realized that he had been wrong to dismiss them so quickly and offered them a place in the Horde, which they gladly accepted. Thus the vulpera became allies of the Horde, giving them a home beyond the dunes.[39]


Meerah's Caravan

A vulpera wagon with alpaca draft animals.

The vulpera are a keen and intelligent race of nomadic scavengers. They are capable of turning what they find into opportunities to thrive[40] and are skilled at solving problems, no matter their size.[41] Despite their small stature, vulpera are fierce and cunning in battle, bringing down any enemy foolish enough to underestimate them.[42] While they have permanent settlements in burrows, their caravans mostly travel from hideaway to hideaway, scavenging for supplies, trading them where they can, and spreading information they pick up along the way.[1][17][40] Their scavenging often takes the form of looting artifacts and treasure from ancient ruins and selling them to the highest bidder.[29][43][44] Dwelling in Vol'dun, the vulpera can't afford to waste resources. Over time, they have learned to take anything that looks even remotely useful and be creative using what they have,[45] and they have learned to recognize value wherever it hides in the desert.[46] When warned that gold from the Port of Zem'lan was cursed, Norah replied that "A little curse never kept the vulpera from a worthy treasure".[47] According to Keerin, vulpera generally stay away from Azerite due to its volatility.[30] However, at least some of the fox people only see Azerite fragments as "neat power rocks" and don't mind pocketing them.[44]

Vulpera show a knack for alchemy, using potions and elixirs for a variety of effects. Vol'dunshine is a type of vulpera-made desert hooch brewed during desert travel and stored in dried gourds.[48]

Vulpera use hyenas as mounts,[49][50][51] alpacas as draft animals that pull their caravans through the desert,[52] buzzards as flight master mounts,[53][54] and ferrets as common pets.[55][56]

Vulpera commonly use idioms that refer to the desert, such as "Hot sands" (an exclamation)[57][58] or "Thank the sands".[59][60][61] Other sayings include "Home is where the wagon is",[62] "One broken wheel stops the caravan",[63] and "having a yip of a time".[44] One vulpera gesture of thanks apparently consists of licking the other person on the cheek.[64]

Vulpera caravans are composed of both families and also individuals with no family, acting as a sort of chosen family. Some vulpera are referred to as "Elders" and vulpera reach adulthood upon a certain age. Each caravan has a Wailing Bone, which is a bone of a dead vulpera inscribed with a poem in an ancient script. This bone lead the caravan to the final resting place of a vulpera who has died, allowing the spirit of the bone to help the dead cross the veil.[65]


Name Role Status Location
Boss IconSmall Vulpera Female Captain Eudora Leader of the Bilge Rats Killable Rum Quarter, Freehold
Horde IconSmall Vulpera Female Hoarder Jena Voldunai emissary Alive Vulpera Hideaway, Vol'dun
Neutral IconSmall Vulpera Male Jenoh Snake charmer Alive Cracked Coast, Vol'dun
Horde IconSmall Vulpera Male Keerin Ashvane captive Alive Ashvane Encampment, Vol'dun
Horde IconSmall Vulpera Male Kenzou Member of a scavenging crew Alive Court of Zak'rajan, Vol'dun
Horde IconSmall Kiro Kiro Caravan leader Alive Vol'dun
Horde IconSmall Vulpera Female Meerah Caravan driver Alive Vol'dun
Horde IconSmall Vulpera Female Nisha Freedom fighter Alive Vol'dun
Horde IconSmall Vulpera Female Norah Caravan leader of Camp Lastwind Alive Camp Lastwind, Vol'dun
Neutral IconSmall Vulpera Male Rikati Wasp farmer Alive Four Stingers, Vol'dun

Notes and trivia[]

  • The adjective for vulpera is "vulperan."[66]
  • There is little known background for the vulpera members of the Bilge Rats. Jeni and Kipp in the Vulpera Hideaway simply say that "There are [other vulpera] across the sea, though I have never seen them myself".[4][5] One of the /silly jokes for playable vulpera males is "Not every vulpera makes their home in the dunes. Some become pirates on the high seas. We call them 'quitters'."
  • Vulpera adults use the same model skeleton and thus have the same, or similar, animations as male goblins—with some unique exceptions such as sleeping. Vulpera children use podling animations.
  • The in-game models of both female and male vulpera stand at approximately 3'11".[67]
  • Vulpera models originally had only short stub tails, as seen in their early models showcased at BlizzCon 2017 as well as their concept art. Their long, fluffy tails were added in a later build of the Battle for Azeroth alpha, though the models of Captain Eudora and vulpera children still have stub tails.
  • The males are voiced by Scott Menville.
  • During the PTR of patch 8.3.0, most foot items would cover their feet save for their claws, while some would completely cover their claws. This was changed in a later build; their paws now are exposed in most foot items like the Tauren, Trolls, Draenei, and Worgen.


  • Their name is derived from vulpes, the Latin word for fox. Their appearance seems to mainly be based on the fennec fox, a species of small, large-eared fox native to the Sahara desert.
  • Vulpera have some themes of the Romani people, Desi, and Imazighen peoples.
    • The names Nisha and Meerah are both Sanskrit, possibly a reference to Meera.
    • The depiction of traveling around in a caravan as merchants is a stereotype of the Romani.
    • While they use alpacas, native to South America, their use of a camelidae to travel across the desert in combination with their heritage armor resemble the Tuareg people of the Sahel.


This article or section includes speculation, observations or opinions possibly supported by lore or by Blizzard officials. It should not be taken as representing official lore.

One of the various demigods that participated in the War of the Ancients was described as "a tiny red fox with a sly yet gnomish visage [scurrying] between the legs of the giants".[68] It may have been related to the vulpera.

Given they were once enslaved by the sethrak, who are based on the Bedouin tribes,[69] and later rebelled, this history is parallel the Berber Revolt by the Imazighen against the Arab tribes of North Africa, and other subsequent acts of resistance. The collaboration of the Zandalari in their resistance reflects historical Sub-Saharan African support of Amazigh agency.




  1. ^ a b c d H [30-60] Answering Their Attacks
  2. ^ Vermin Trapper
  3. ^ a b H [30-60] Ready to Riot
  4. ^ a b Jeni's gossip text
  5. ^ a b Kipp's gossip text
  6. ^ Vulpera creation screen description
  7. ^ a b H [10-50WQ] Vulpera for a Day
  8. ^ a b H [30-60] Inconvenient Spirits
  9. ^ a b c Meerah#Gossip
  10. ^ H [30-60] Dressed for Battle
  11. ^ H [30-60] Plans for Attack
  12. ^ H [30-60] Into the Dunes
  13. ^ H [30-60] Restorative Venom
  14. ^ H [30-60] Freshly Squeezed
  15. ^ H [30-60] An Explosive Exit
  16. ^ H [30-60] A Balm to Calm
  17. ^ a b H [30-60] Knickknack Takeback
  18. ^ H [30-60] The Warguard's Trail
  19. ^ H [30-60] Unlikely Allies
  20. ^ H [30-60] Infiltrating the Empire
  21. ^ H [30-60] Allies in Anarchy
  22. ^ H [30-60] Make Them Fear Us
  23. ^ H [30-60] Crater Conquered
  24. ^ H [30-60] Vengeance From Above
  25. ^ H [30-60] The Fall of Emperor Korthek
  26. ^ Kiro's gossip text after completing H [30-60] The Fall of Emperor Korthek
  27. ^ H [30-60] Lost in Zem'lan
  28. ^ H [30-60] Escaping Zem'lan
  29. ^ a b H [30-60] Zandalari Treasure Trove
  30. ^ a b H [30-60] If the Key Fits...
  31. ^ H [30-60] The Master Key
  32. ^ Zandalar Forever!#Stage 5 - Liberate the Zocalo
  33. ^ A [10-50WQ] Stop the Shipments
  34. ^ Kiro's gossip text during H [60] The King's Death
  35. ^ H [40-70] A Declaration of Intent
  36. ^ H [40-70] No Problem Too Small
  37. ^ H [40-70] Job's Done
  38. ^ H [40-70] Threat Contained
  39. ^ H [40-70] New Allies Among Us
  40. ^ a b Blizzard Entertainment Blizzard Entertainment 2018-08-06. Battle for Azeroth: Vol’dun Visitor’s Guide - WoW. Retrieved on 2018-08-07.
  41. ^ H [40-70] No Problem Too Small
  42. ^ Blizzard Entertainment Blizzard Entertainment 2020-01-14. Vulpera - WoW. Retrieved on 2020-01-15.
  43. ^ H [30-60] Rescue the Relics
  44. ^ a b c H [30-60] Power of the Overseer
  45. ^ H [30-60] Ranishu Are Resources
  46. ^ H [30-60] The Strongest Rope in Vol'dun
  47. ^ H [30-60] Escaping Zem'lan
  48. ^ Inv holiday beerfest vulpera [Vol'dunshine]
  49. ^ Trained Duskmane
  50. ^ Vulpera Guardian
  51. ^ Inv hyena2mount light [Reins of the Alabaster Hyena]
  52. ^ Meerah's Caravan, Nisha's Wagon, Vulpera Caravan
  53. ^ Trained Buzzard
  54. ^ H [30-60] A Meal for Birds
  55. ^ H [30-60] Missing Business
  56. ^ Nala, Teel
  57. ^ H [30-60] Infiltrating the Empire
  58. ^ Vulpera Slave#Quotes
  59. ^ H [30-60] An Explosive Exit
  60. ^ H [30-60] Searching the Ruins
  61. ^ H [40-70] Meet with Meerah
  62. ^ Hakasi, Hilda, Jeni, and Kipp gossip text
  63. ^ H [30-60] Untame Slaughter
  64. ^ H [10-50] Shimmering Shell
  65. ^ Lay Down My Bones
  66. ^ H [30-60] Exterminate the Vermin
  67. ^ Height#Playable races
  68. ^ The Sundering, pg. 186
  69. ^ Jimmy Lo. Sethrak Environment Concept. ArtStation. Retrieved on 2018-10-20. - "Here's a concept of the Sethrak Caves. We gave these guys a bedouin like feel along with the idea that they made their home in the caves to escape harsh environment of Vol'dun and to harness power hidden deep within."